This page is maintained by: Lindsay Karp, Senior Instructional Technologist at Fordham University.

Office of Disability Services at Fordham

Website | Faculty Resources

Contact information: | Staff information

  • Rose Hill, O’Hare Hall, Lower Level
  • Lincoln Center, Lowenstein 408

ADA Compliance Guides

ADA Compliance Guide: Creating an OCR PDF Document (pdf)

ADA Compliance Guide: File Type Checklist (pdf)

Features that make documents inaccessible from Melanie Russell

Automated Document Conversion Service Available

Making Multimedia Content Accessible to All: Accessibility Tips & Tricks

Accessibility Resources

Accessibility Training (supplemental)


OpenDyslexic Font (free, open source)

Dyslexie Font (license fee)


Vision Impaired Text-to-Speech Solutions

Apple OSX

To turn on Apple’s Text-to-Speech:

  1. Choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Dictation & Speech, then click Text to Speech.
  2. Select the “Speak selected text when the key is pressed” checkbox. By default, speaking is enabled when you press Option-Esc. (To choose a different key, click Change Key, press one or more modifier keys (Command, Shift, Option, or Control) together with another key, then click OK.)
  3. To have your Mac start speaking, press the specified key. To stop the speaking, press the key again.

Theses are some of our favorite voices that sound the most human and natural.We have ranked them by our preference and by category.

United States female:

  1. Ava
  2. Allison
  3. Samantha
  4. Susan

United States male:

  1. Tom
  2. Alex

United Kingdom

  1. Kate
  2. Serena
  3. Oliver


  1. Lee
  2. Karen

To turn on Apple’s Screen Reader:

VoiceOver is a screen reader tool that comes standard with every Mac. Its capable of much more than a text-to-speech tool.

Its capable of explaining to you exactly what’s happening on your Mac, and lets you fully interact with it using gestures, your keyboard, or a braille display.

  1. Choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Accessiblity, then click VoiceOver.
  2. Select the “enable VoiceOver” checkbox. By default, VoiceOver is enabled when you press Option-F5.(Choose VoiceOver Utility to set up your preferences including preferred voice, speed and navigation tools).

Getting Started with VoiceOver (Guide)

Windows OS

Screen Reader / Audio solution for PC:
The best open-source screen reader we have come across for Windows is NVDA. It allows for a lot of customization, and can read wherever the mouse gestured.
We have also found beautiful voices that were an additional download, but were compatible with the program.
We compiled the program and files to install in the following Instruction Document: NVDA Text-to-Voice Instructions (Windows)

We hope this makes the installation and setup process go smoothly for you.

More information about NVDA:
The name NVDA stands for NonVisual Desktop Access. NVDA was developed to be an open source screen reader for the Microsoft Windows operating system.Providing feedback via synthetic speech and Braille, it enables blind or vision impaired people to access computers running Windows for no more cost than a sighted person. Major features include support for over 20 languages and the ability to run entirely from a USB drive with no installation.

Additional Voices were downloaded from:
Acapela NVDA Speech Companion:


Mobile App – Vision Through Artificial IntelligenceAipoly
An Australian engineer has co-created created an app for the blind or visually impaired that reads out what is in front of it. It is called Aipoly and it can identify over 1000 different objects. The app can read them out in seven different languages and it also identifies colors.

The app is currently available to download for free (iOs)



Additional Reading

Bunag, Tara. “Empathy and Collaboration: Accessibility in IT.” EDUCAUSE Review, 23 July 2018,